Blog for IAS aspirants

Approach To Public Administration (Advanced- Unit wise strategy)

In Uncategorized on May 27, 2012 at 22:19

In this optional, there is no dearth of information. Students will have access to all kinds of coaching notes, books and other publications. One must be careful not to waste time in covering everything from all sources. Be very choosy about what sources you refer to and then stick to them even if your friends refer different sources. Go through YOUR material again and again.

Some standard books for Public Administration are-

  • Awasthi and Maheshwari- Public Administration
  • Prasad and Prasad – Thinkers
  • Ramesh Arora – Indian Administration
  • Mohit Bhattacharya – New Horizons in Public Administration.
  • Maheshwari – Indian Administration
  • IGNOU books.
  • Fadia and Fadia
  • Sharma and Sadana

There is no need to read all the books from cover to cover. Prepare topic wise in a comprehensive manner. Use examples, contemporary relevance, case studies etc. Read case studies from The Hindu, Frontline, Kurukshetra and Yojana. I must admit here that due to paucity of time, I personally could not refer to Kurukshetra but sometimes I did pick up selective issues and found them very useful.

For those topics that were covered in the class, I first used to read my class notes and tried to understand them. Then, I used to refer to other sources for more details and clarity. For topics that were not covered in the class, I began by reading that topic from at least 2 different books and understanding the basics. Sometimes, I also read the printed material to supplement my knowledge. Then I made my own notes for these topics.

Next, I tried to memorize all that I had studied so that I could recall the crucial points at the right time. I used to do this by reading my notes and underlined portions in the books again and again.

Finally, to gain confidence, I used to write answers to as many questions as I could.

  • Paper-I
  1. Introduction:

This Chapter is very important. Read topics from class notes, Fadia and Fadia, and Mohit Bhattacharya. Also refer to IGNOU notes for this topic. The information from this topic can be used in answering questions of other units as well. This is a very scoring area.

2. Administrative Thought:

You must know the theories of various scholars very well. Try to go in as much detail as you can but do not go into unnecessary details. Writing some details (but not all details) gives a unique touch to your answers. Read from Prasad and Prasad. This is also a very scoring area.

3.  Administrative Behaviour:

For this chapter, read from Sharma and Sadana. It is a very good source of information. I also found the printed material of my coaching class helpful. You may want to make your own notes though this depends from person to person.

4.  Organisations:

This is a relatively small chapter which can be studied from any standard book or from the printed material of any coaching class.

5.   Accountability and Control:

Questions from this chapter are being asked lately as it is relevant in the current context. Apart from your class notes, you can go through Sharma and Sadana, printed material and Yojana and Kurukshetra articles. There is a lot of scope of innovation in this topic in the sense that you will often be able to correlate it to news items/editorials in the news papers and you will also find many case studies. If questions come from this area there is ample scope for you to give some unique points that may not be found in most of the answer scripts.

6.  Administrative Law:

For this Chapter, you can refer to Sharma and Sadana and newspapers. It is a very scoring area. Information may also be pooled in from Awasthi and Maheshwari and GS Polity notes. Just like for the previous Unit, if questions come from this area there is ample scope for you to give some unique points that may not be found in most of the answer scripts.

7. Comparative Public Administration:

For this topic, it is good to refer to class notes OR Ramesh Arora (no need to do both). Since the book is short, one can read the entire book and underline relevant portions. If you are able to get a grip over the content in this book or your class notes, you will be able to answer any question for CPA.

8. Development Dynamics:

This is a very important Chapter even though questions may not be asked every year but material from this chapter can be used in other topics too. Also, since many books were written in early 2000 or late 90s, you will have to make use of your knowledge from GS, newspapers and Yojana/Frontline/IJPA articles for this topic. You can rely on your class notes for this topic. The book by Mohit Bhattacharya titled- Social Theory & Development Administration is helpful.

9.  Personnel Administration:

For this chapter, I read from two books- Sharma and Sadana and Fadia and Fadia. I also referred to the printed material. This is an important chapter since questions are being asked in the past 2-3 years from this area. Practice writing answers and correlate this chapter with the Civil Services Chapter of Paper-II. Study both these Chapters together comprehensively. Make sure to quote ARC recommendations and reports of other relevant committees as and when appropriate.

10.  Public Policy:

For this chapter, IGNOU notes are a very good source apart from class notes. Questions are not asked regularly but students must focus on Policy Implementation and Policy Evaluation. Also keep an eye out in news papers and magazines for latest information in this topic.

11.  Techniques of Administrative Improvement:

This is a small chapter and may be studied from printed material and Internet. There is a lot of scope of giving unique points in this chapter.

12.  Financial Administration:

This is a very important chapter and students must study it thoroughly. I referred class notes, printed material and Sharma and Sadana for this unit. Study this chapter along with Financial Management of Paper-II comprehensively as a single unit.

Paper- II

While answering Indian Administration questions, answer with respect to Constitution, Preamble, etc and how the issue is in conformity with basic structure.

1.   Evolution of Indian Administration:

This is a scoring area although there is little scope of uniqueness in this topic. It is given very well in Rajini Goyal and Arora.

2.  Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government:

Rajini Goyal and Arora, class notes and D.D. Basu. Remember to always correlate answer in this topic with Constitution and current Parliamentary enactments.

3.  Public Sector Undertakings:

This is a topic that is best covered from IJPA articles and also from Laxmikant.

4.  Union Government and Administration:

Refer to your class notes, GS Polity notes, Rajini Goyal and Arora and newspapers. There is a lot of scope to innovate in this topic by quoting current practices of our Parliamentary system and comparing them with practices in other nations especially USA and UK.

5.  Plans and Priorities:

I could not find any good source for this Chapter so I relied on class notes and IJPA articles.

6.  State Government and Administration:

Same sources and approach as Chapter-4.

7.  District Administration since Independence:

Refer to Rajini Goyal and Arora, IJPA articles and the book by Avasthi and Avasthi.

8.  Civil Services:

Same sources and approach as Chapter-9 of Paper-I.

9.  Financial Management:

Same sources and approach as Chapter-12 of Paper-I.

10.  Administrative Reforms since Independence:

For this chapter read the reports of various committees. If you are not able to read entire reports then read their summaries. Lay emphasis on understanding the overall picture of administrative reforms in our nation since Independence. Also, you must use information from this topic extensively in answers to other topics’ questions as well.

11.  Rural Development:

12.  Urban Local Government:

For the above two Chapters, apart from class notes, I read Rajini Goyal and Arora. I also used a lot of information from newspapers and Yojana articles. In answers for these units, first always correlate with Constitutional articles, then give basic points and then cite case studies.

13.  Law and Order Administration:

For this Unit, apart from class notes, I read Avasthi and Avasthi. I also used information from newspapers and Frontline articles. There is a lot of room of innovation in this Chapter and students can give many unique points in their answers.

14.  Significant issues in Indian Administration:

Questions from this chapter are increasingly being asked recently. Unfortunately, I could not find any comprehensive source for this topic. I thus relied heavily on newspapers, Frontline/Yojana/IJPA articles and my GS Current Affairs notes. Answers in this chapter, if written well can fetch a lot of marks and there is a lot of scope of giving unique points by going into details of the setup of relevant institutions in India. For example, in Disaster Management, you can discuss the entire machinery at Central, State and District levels and details of relevant Acts.

  1. hello sir,
    I want to attend CSE 2014 … i want to know what is right time and way for starting preparation.
    PubAd ke liye kaise start karna chahiye……coz i am not taking any coaching.
    2014 ki General Awareness ke liye abhi kaun se topic complete kar skti hu?
    sabse pahle kya start karu …….aap mujhe guide kijiye please SIR.

    • Can u please tell us when the new pattern for mains shall become applicable ? I am still in dilemma whether to prepare for mains as per previous pattern or not. If i do so, there are greater chances that my efforts for preparation will go in vain as i want to prepare for 2014 (pre & mains). If anybody, attached to this blog, has any idea about this, please let me know.

  2. sir please must see this year’s paper b/c the type of analysis upsc wants from aspirants is totally different frm which given in books.

  3. Sir what was your score in GS, essay n interview?

  4. sir you mentioned in paper 2 avasthi and avasthi book. it’s mean indian administration by avasthi or other book by avasthi

  5. Sir,
    1. Kindly give your opinion on the questions set in Paper 1 and Paper 2 of Public Administration in mains 2012.
    2. Does it suffice to adhere to the strategy suggested by you given the latest trend of public administration paper which seems to be demanding very extensive knowledge on each topic. E.g A.V Dicey and administrative law and rule of law..etc ?
    3. How do I go about application oriented preparation of each topic?
    4. How do I prepare for such contingencies(questions from unconventional areas) in examination?
    5. If you were to appear this year and you also found a mix of questions from both expected and exceptional areas, what strategy would you have used to maximise your performance in the paper?
    6. If I need to do more extensive study regarding various topics mentioned in the syllabus, how should I go about it (feeling a little directionless after seeing this year’s paper) ?
    Your advice would be really valuable to boost up our confidence. Please help.

  6. Hi Prince, did you see this year’s question paper? It is was a little unconventional to say the least. Keeping this in mind, would you suggest some other books in addition to what you have suggested? I did finish making notes and going through the subject matter at once but still it seems there is little more ground to cover. Any inputs from you will be much appreciated. This is the paper, there is a comment which apparently is from you not sure if it is really you 🙂

  7. Sir, Could you please request any of your batch mates who have cleared with Commerce to share their strategy – book list etc. It is quite a lengthy optional without any good coaching centre available out there. Please Sir it would be of great help. Thanks!

  8. sir iwhich year ijpa journals should i read.i have confusion.

  9. sir i am preparing for 2013. which year ijpa journals should i read.i have confusion.

  10. too many queries…….. which all institutes did you join for test series? and at what time before or after pre?

  11. Sir, you have talked about citing case studies in PAPER 1 as well. But it is said, in paper 1, one should cite examples and case studies of international level only (please correct me if wrong). and we do not find such case studies in yojana studies

  12. Hello Mr. Prince, thanks for such a detailed blog.
    Sir,could you plese cite the websites that are authentic & useful for public administration;
    regarding IGNOU notes,is Public policy the only topic to be looked for in them? and lastly,
    in 2nd ARC Report, Which reports are to be read in their entirety?

    • There are no specific websites for Pub Ad. Just search about topics in general and read about them from newspaper articles, ministry websites etc. From IGNOU notes you must mainly read Public Policy and Introduction.
      In 2nd ARC- read summaries of all reports.

  13. sir ,
    the books you mentioned are sufficient as per the topics or we should look for ore than one source for a certain topic??

    note making should be a mixture of on average what number of sources?

    • They are more than sufficient. Note making can be done even from one source if that source if good or from multiple sources depending on the depth to which you wish to go.

  14. Sir,

    Did you join lukmaan ias for pub ad test series?
    You have already told that none of the test series you joined was satisfactoory. Still then would you please tell me the one best among the rest

    • You are missing the whole concept of a test-series. The purpose is to write answers and get them checked. So as long as the teacher is ok, you will gain from your test-series. I joined Synergy, Lukmaan and Bhawani Singh for test series. They were all only average and not the ideal test series. One has to oneself make the best of whatever one has.

  15. sir i m living in tamil nadu can i subscribe for ijpa journal…if its available online then tell me..
    2nd ..which magazine is better b/w chronicle and competition wizard..
    3rd what should be strategy towards science and technology (gs)..

  16. Sir you have not mentioned strategy related to rural development (chapter 11) in paper 2.

  17. Do we have to obtain any minimum marks in pre to qualify for main exam and to clear 2 Language paper in Main exam ?

  18. can you suggest a good source for centre state relations

  19. can you suggest a good source for centre state relations

  20. Sir can u provide me the name of few good coachings in hyderabad for pub ad nd geogrphy?

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